Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies: An approach that focuses on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations.
Psychoanalytically oriented therapies are characterized by a close working partnership between therapist and patient. Patients learn about themselves by exploring their interactions in the therapeutic relationship. While psychoanalysis is closely identified with Sigmund Freud, it has been extended and modified since his early formulations.
Sourced from: American Psychological Association https://www.apa.org/topics/psychotherapy/approaches