Behavior therapy refers to a set of therapeutic interventions that aim to eliminate maladaptive, self-defeating behaviors and replace them with healthy, adaptive behaviors.
Behavior is learned and is a product of conditioning; therefore, during behavior therapy, the client learns constructive behaviors that overcome maladaptive behaviors and achieve their intended goals.
Traditional behavior therapy is used to treat phobias and compulsions through systematic desensitization and extinction strategies. It is also used to motivate adaptive behaviors in therapeutic communities using token economies.
Sourced and adapted from PositivePsychology.com (https://positivepsychology.com/behavior-therapy/)